Minton from 1796 and during its nearly two hundred year history is a very important Stoke firm that has traded under various styles.
Herbert Minton, succeeded his father as head of the firm, and it was due to him that he was able to develop the firm and gain it's reputation. He also enlisted the services of many skilled artists.
After Herbert Mintons death in 1858 the Minton name continued as the Company name but no Minton family member has been connected with the firm since.
The first products of the Minton factory were blue transfer-printed wares. In 1798 bone china (porcelain containing bone ash) was introduced, with much success. In 1836, when Thomas Minton died and his son Herbert took over the business, the factory's main products consisted of practical and unpretentious tablewares in painted or printed earthenware or bone china, following the typical shapes and decorative patterns of the period; figures and ornamental porcelains were made increasingly from the 1820s.
In the 1820s he started production of bone china; this early Minton is regarded as comparable to French Sèvres, by which it was greatly influenced.
Minton's was the only English china factory of the 19th century to employ a Sèvres process called pâte-sur-pâte (ie: painted decoration in white clay slip instead of enamel before glazing).
Minton Styles used over the company's 200 year history
c1796: Thomas Minton
c1800: Minton, Poulson and Pounall
c1801-02: Minton Poulson and Co
c1802-08: Minton and Poulson
c1809-17: Thomas Minton
c1817-27: Thomas Minton and Sons
c1824: Thomas Minton and Son
c1824-36: Thomas Minton
c1836-41: Minton and Boyle
c1841-45: Herbert Minton and Co
c1845: Minton and Hollins
c1847-73: Herbert Minton and Co
Antique Minton Marks on Pottery and Porcelain :
c1805 to 1806 - Mark in overglaze blue enamel only used with gilded pieces. Before 1805 pattern number is preceded by No., after 1805 pattern number is on its own.
c1820's - Rare pseudo Dresden crossed swords mark in underglaze blue on floral encrusted porcelain, which is sometimes confused with Coalport porcelain.
c1820 to 1830's - Several variations of Minton Marks incorporate the initial M.
c1836 to 1841 - Minton and Boyle Period mark. Many printed marks of this period incorporate the initials 'M & B'
c1841 to 1873 - Example of one style of mark, where several variations were used, many of which include the initials 'M & Co.'
c1845 to 1868 - Minton and Hollins Period. Many printed marks of this period bear the initials 'M & H'
c1845 to 1850 - Incised or impressed mark on early Parian figures. Sometimes with year cypher.
c1850 to 1870 - Painted Mark 'Ermine' indicating a special soft glaze. Earliest recorded use May 1850 on the Godden Collection.
c1862 onwards - Impressed marks - MINTON used from 1862 then MINTONS from 1871 onwards. Both marks used with impressed year cyphers - see table below. This example December 1877.
c1862 onwards - Example Minton impressed marks showing full set of three marks - month letter O for October, illegible potters mark and year cypher for 1875. Found on piece signed 1876.
c1863 to 1872 - Standard print mark of a globe with Minton in central band.
c1873 to 1912 - MINTONS Standard print mark with crown added. England added from 1891. Made in England appears from c1902.
c1912 to 1950 - New version of standard Minton print mark with different crown and the globe now within laurel leaves. Earlier versions with ENGLAND below.
c1951 onwards Modern Minton mark intoduced in 1951. This example showing various pattern details and including the designers signature.
From c1842 Minton introduced a year cypher.
1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849
1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859
1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889
1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1886 1887 1888 1899
1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
1940 1941 1942